Tomatoes are one of the most popular plants in the home vegetable garden, and for good reason: they’re incredibly versatile, delicious, and nutritious.
However, it can be hard to grow tomatoes outside for various reasons, including:
Lack of space/urban environment
Physical limitations or disabilities
If you simply cannot grow your tomatoes outside, it’s very possible to grow delicious tomatoes indoors, no matter where you are!
Starting Tomato Seeds Indoors
Seeds: the start to all wonderful plants in the home vegetable garden!
As you know, you’ll require a few pots, some seed starting mix, and your chosen tomato seeds. You’ll simply sow the tomato seeds 1/8″ deep into lightly packed seed starting mix, give them a watering, and leave them to germinate.
Of course, the seeds will need some heat if it’s a bit chilly indoors; try to keep the seeds between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit for the fastest germination rates.
As soon as the seedlings begin to emerge, lower a seedling light over them. Be sure that the light is within 2″ of the plants, and that the plants are not touching the lights. Otherwise, the leaves could suffer from burns.
Providing Enough Light for an Indoor Tomato Garden
Without sunlight, tomato plants will not thrive. Sunlight is required for vegetative growth, flowering, and fruit set; without it, you won’t have much luck growing your tomato plants indoors. Consider your available sunlight (after calculating total hours of sun exposure during the shortest days), and prepare to shop around for a growing light that will provide your tomato plants with the light they’ll need.
Compensating for Full Sunlight
Normally, tomatoes will grow outdoors in a sunny location. Indoors, they may only receive a few hours of direct sunlight per day. You will have to keep the tomato plant in the sunniest window in the home for the best results; this is usually a south-facing window. This will likely only keep an over-wintering tomato plant alive.
If you would like your tomato plants to produce fruit, you’re going to need much, much more light. A high quality grow light will be necessary, providing your tomato plants with the different spectrum that are required for growth, flowering, and fruiting. A timer will help you to keep adequate amounts of daylight and darkness over your plants, preventing any issues in growth or fruiting, as far as lighting is concerned.
Shortest Days of the Year Won’t Yield the Light You Need for Tomatoes
If you’re depending on window light, this is another very important consideration. As the winter equinox approaches, daylight hours could be reduced to 10 or less hours per day; some may see far less. Since tomato plants enjoy 8+ hours of full sun, this amount of light isn’t adequate for fruiting.
If you want to rely on natural light, try starting your seeds right before or during the winter equinox. The daylight hours will begin lengthening at this point in time, allowing your tomato plants to get through the seedling phase while daylight is at its shortest.
Growing Tomatoes in Winter: Mistakes to Avoid in an Indoor Environment
Unfortunately, growing tomato plants inside can yield a few problems for even the most experienced gardener.
There is a truly delicate balance between nature, plants, pests, beneficial insects, and weather; when you grow plants outside of this system, you’ll have to intervene and find ways to keep your tomato plants healthy and happy.